.pgpass is a common way to store connection information in PostgreSQL instead of typing password every time your login to your database using psql.

On Windows, the file is named %APPDATA%\postgresql\pgpass.conf.

You can create a .pgpass file in your home folder and input your login credentials with the following structure:

host:port:db_name:user_name:password

Example:

localhost:5432:postgres:myadmin:[email protected]

Except for the password, each field can be replaced with an asterisk (*) value to match anything.

Example:

*:*:*:postgres:myadmin:[email protected]

It means you can use the username myadmin and password [email protected] to login to the database postgres on every host and port.

After you finish, remember to set the proper permission so it would be used by psql:

sudo chmod 600 .pgpass

Export the PGPASSFILE file to set environment variable:

export PGPASSFILE='/home/user/.pgpass'

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